In my writings, I allude to, cite or outright quote from various source materials: dictionaries, encyclopedias, lexicons, grammars, Bible translations, etc. The bibliographic information for these works quoted, cited or alluded to are to be found here, in my bibliographies.
I am breaking down this lengthy document into pages, and the division breaks are determined by specific categories of reference works. I will be adding to the pages and categories as time permits. (Besides having access to the wonderful resources of the Internet, I also have various software programs, as well as an extensive library of books collected over the course of more than four decades.)
Obviously, this resource on my website won’t be something read from start to finish, like an article or essay, but in the interest of accountability I am making this information available. This way, if anyone wants to check up on my research, they can refer to the same sources I have used.
May 11, 2015
General Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
The Classic Latin Dictionary: Latin-English and English-Latin. Chicago: Follett Publishing Company, 1926.
de Mello Vianna, Fernando (Editorial Director), Roget’s II: The New Thesaurus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. Copyright © 1980.
Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary: A Dictionary of the English Language. Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam Co. Copyright © 1898.
Gove, Philip Babcock (Editor-in-Chief), Webster’s Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, based on Webster’s Third New International Dictionary. Springfield, Massachusetts: G. & C. Merriam Co. Copyright © 1972.
—– ——– — Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., 2002.
Johnson, Samuel, A DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE: The WORDS are deduced from their ORIGINALS, AND ILLUSTRATED in their DIFFERENT SIGNIFICATIONS BY EXAMPLES from the best WRITERS. TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED, A HISTORY of the LANGUAGE, AND AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR, BY SAMUEL JOHNSON, A. M. IN TWO VOLUMES. LONDON: Printed by W. STRAHAN, For J. and P. KNAPTON; T. and T. LONGMAN; C. HITCH and L. HAWES; A. MILLAR; and and J. DODSLEY. MDCCLV. [Johnson’s entire dictionary is available online in both digital and scanned image formats. A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Edited by Brandi Besalke. Last modified: November 25, 2013. http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/.]
Mathews, Mitford M. (Editor), A Dictionary of Americanisms: On Historical Principles. Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, Copyright © 1951, 1956 (Second Impression).
Mayhew, A. L. & Skeat, Walter W. A Concise Dictionary of Middle English from A.D. 1150 to 1580. Oxford at the Clarendon Press, M DCCC LXXXVIII .
Mish, Frederick C. (Editor in Chief), Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate® Dictionary, Eleventh Edition. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2003. The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (http://www.merriam-webster.com) is based on the print version of this dictionary.
Neilson, William Allan (Editor-in-Chief); Bethel, John P. (General Editor), Webster’s Biographical Dictionary: A Dictionary of Names of Noteworthy Persons with Pronunciations and Concise Biographies. Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam Co. Copyright © 1960.
Rawson, Hugh, A Dictionary of Euphemisms & Other Doubletalk: Being a Compilation of Linguistic Fig Leaves and Verbal Flourishes for Artful Users of the English Language. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1981.
The Reader’s Digest Great Encyclopedic Dictionary. Including Funk & Wagnalls Standard College Dictionary. Pleasantville, NY: The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc. Copyright © 1966, 1968.
Schur, Norman W. British English, A to Zed. New York, NY Oxford, England: Facts on File Publications, 1987.
Tana de Gámez, Editor in Chief, Simon and Schuster’s International Dictionary: English/Spanish, Spanish/English. New York, NY: Macmillan General Reference, a Simon & Schuster Macmillan Company, n.d.
Velázquez de la Cadena, Mariano, and Gray, Edward and Iribas, Juan L. Newly revised by Hinojosa, Ida Navarro and Wiezell, Richard John, New Revised Velázquez Spanish and English Dictionary. Chicago • New York: Follett Publishing /company, 1967.
Webster, Noah (Editor), An American Dictionary of the English Language. In Two Volumes. New York: Published by S. Converse. Printed by Hezekiah Howe, New Haven, Connecticut, April 14, 1828.
Webster, Noah, Revised and Enlarged by Chauncey A. Goodrich, An American Dictionary of the English Language. Springfield, Mass.: George & Charles Merriam & Co., 1861.
University of Michigan Regents, The Middle English Dictionary. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, 2001. The electronic MED is part of the Middle English Compendium [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mec/index.html], which was designed to offer easy access to and interconnectivity between three major Middle English electronic resources: MED, the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse (also included in Manuscripts Online) and a HyperBibliography of Middle English prose and verse, based on the MED bibliographies.
Encyclopædia; or a Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature, Constructed on a Plan, by which the Different Sciences and Arts are digested into the Form of distinct Treatises or Systems, Comprehending the History, Theory, and Practice, of each, According to the Latest Discoveries and Improvements; And Full Explanation Given of the Various Detached Parts of Knowledge, Whether Relating to Natural and Artificial Objects, or to Matters Ecclesiastical, Civil, Military, Commercial, & c. Including Elucidations of the most important Topics relative to Religion, Morals, Manners, and the Oeconomy of Life. Together with A Description of all the Countries, Cities, principal Mountains, Seas, Rivers, & c. throughout the World; A General History, Ancient and Modern, of the different Empires, Kingdoms, and States; and An Account of the Lives of the most Eminent persons in every Nation, from the earliest ages down to the present times. Compiled from the writings of the best authors in several languages; the most approved Dictionaries, as well of general science as of its particular branches; the Transactions, Journals, and Memoirs, of various Learned Societies, the MS. Lectures of Eminent Professors on different sciences; and a variety of Original Materials, furnished by an Extensive Correspondence. The First American Edition, in Eighteen Volumes, Greatly Improved. Illustrated with Five Hundred and Forty-two Copperplates. Vol. VI. DIA – ETH. Indocti Discant, et Ament Meminisse Periti. Philadelphia: Printed by Thomas Dobson, at the Stone-house, No 41, South Second-Street. M.DCC.XCVIII. [Copy-Right secured according to law.]
Bible & Theological Dictionaries & Encyclopedias
Bromiley, Geoffrey W. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids, MI: Willam B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1988.
Cross, F. L. & Livingstone, E. A. (Editors), The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. Second Edition. London • New York • Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1958, 1974.
Hastings, James (Editor), A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with it’s Language, Literature, and Contents, Including the Biblical Theology. Volumes III & IV. Edinburgh • London • New York: T. & T. Clark/Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1905, 1906.
McClintock, John and Strong, James (Editors), Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1981 (Reprint).
Richards, Lawrence O. (General Editor), The Revell Bible Dictionary. Deluxe Color Edition. Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1990.
Unger, Merrill F.; Harrison, R. K. (Editor); Vos, Howard F. & Barber, Cyril J. (Contributing Editors), The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1957, 1988.
Wigoder, Geoffrey (Editor-in-Chief), The Encyclopedia of Judaism. New York, NY: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1989.
Biblical Language Lexicons & Dictionaries
Abbott-Smith, G. A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1921, 1950 (3rd edition, 4th printing).
Bauer, Walter, Arndt, William F., Gingrich, F. Wilbur & Danker, Frederick W. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1957, 1979.
Brown, Francis, Driver, S. R. Briggs, Charles A. The New Brown-Driver-Briggs-Gesenius Hebrew-English Lexicon. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1979.
Bullinger, Ethelbert W. A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament. London: Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1877, 1975, 1981.
Davidson, Benjamin, The Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House. Originally published by Samuel Bagster & Sons, Ltd., London, 1848, 1850. First Zondervan printing, January 1970. Fourteenth printing, 1981.
Davies, Benjamin, Mitchell, Edward C. A Compendius and Complete Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament, with an English-Hebrew Index, Chiefly Founded on the Works of Gesenius and Furst, with Improvements from Dietrich and Other Sources. New Edition, Carefully Revised, with a Concise Statement of the Principles of Hebrew Grammar. Boston: A. I. Bradley & Co., 1871, 1879.
Friberg, Timothy & Barbara, Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament. Copyright © 1994. All rights reserved. (This is a new work and available currently only in electronic form.)
Gesenius, H. W. F. Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures: Translated with Additions and Corrections from the Author’s Thesaurus and Other Works by Samuel Prideaux Tregelles. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1949, 1982.
Gesenius, H. W. F. Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament. Translated by Samuel Prideaux Tregelles. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1979.
Gingrich, F. Wilbur. Second Edition Revised by Danker, Frederick W. Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1983.
Girdlestone, Robert Baker, Old Testament Synonyms. Grand Rapids, MI: Associated Publishers & Authors, Inc. n.d.
Harris, R. Laird, Archer, Gleason L., Jr., Waltke, Bruce K. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. Two Volumes. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1980, 1992.
Koehler, Ludwig and Baumgartner, Walter, Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros. Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1958.
Koehler, Ludwig and Baumgartner, Walter, Supplementum ad Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros. Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1958.
Kubo, Sakae, A Reader’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and A Beginner’s Guide for the Translation of New Testament Greek. Andrews University Monographs, Volume IV. Grand Rapids, MI: Co-published by Andrews University and The Zondervan Publishing House, 1975, 1981.
Liddell, Henry George & Scott, Robert, A Greek-English Lexicon, Compiled by Henry George Liddell, D.D., Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, and Robert Scott, D.D., Dean of Rochester, Late Master of Balliol College, Oxford. Seventh Edition, Revised and Augmented throughout with the Cooperation of Professor Drisler, of Columbia College, New York. New York: Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, 1883.
Louw, J. P. & Nida, Eugene A. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains. New York, NY: United Bible Societies, Copyright © 1988 (2nd Edition).
Bruce M. Metzger, Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek. Enlarged edition. Princeton, NJ: Published by the author, 1946, 1966, 1965.
Moulton, Harold K. The Analytical Greek Lexicon Revised. London & Grand Rapids, MI: Samuel Bagster & Sons, Ltd. of London, Copyright © 1977 and the Regency Reference Library, an imprint of Zondervan Publishing House, Copyright © 1978.
Moulton, James Hope and Milligan, George, Vocabulary of the Greek Testament: Illustrated from the Papyri and Other Non-literary Sources. London: Hodder and Stoughton, Limited, 1929.
Moulton, J. H. and Milligan, G. Vocabulary of the Greek Testament. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1995, 2004.
Natanail, Paul (Compiled by), NTC’s New College Greek and English Dictionary. Lincolnwood, IL: National Textbook Company, a division of NTC Publishing Group, 1985, 1990.
Newman, Barclay M., Jr., A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament. Stuttgart, Germany: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft [“German Bible Society”], Stuttgart, 1971 (MRT ASCII version reformatted, corrected, and updated in 1987 by CCAT, University of Pennsylvania).
Perschbacher, Wesley J. The New Analytical Greek Lexicon. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1990, 1999.
Thayer, Joseph Henry, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, being Grimm’s Wilke’s Clavis Novi Testamenti, Translated Revised and Enlarged, Corrected Edition. New York • Cincinnati • Chicago: American Book Company, 1886, 1889.
Thayer, Joseph Henry, The New Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, with Index. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1979, 1981.
Vine, W. E. An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words. Westwood, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1940, 1952.
Vine, W. E., Unger, Merrill F. & White, William Jr. Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words. Nashville • Atlanta • London • Vancouver: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1985.
Wigram, George, The Analytical Greek Lexicon: Consisting of An Alphabetical Arrangement of Every Occurring Inflexion of Every Word Contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a Grammatical Analysis of Each Word, and Lexicographical Illustration of the Meanings. A Complete Series of Paradigms, with Grammatical Remarks and Explanations. New York • London: Harper & Brothers Publishers/Samuel Bagster and Sons, Limited. n.d. [George Wigram’s original publication, 1852; see also Harold K. Moulton]
Biblical Language Grammars
Adams, Douglas Q. Essential Modern Greek Grammar. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc., 1987.
Blass, Friedrich, Debrunner, Albert, translated and revised by Robert W. Funk, A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961, 1985.
Brooks, James A. & Winbery, Carlton L. Syntax of New Testament Greek. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1979.
Burton, Ernest De Witt, Syntax of the Moods and Tenses of New Testament Greek. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1892, 1898 (3rd edition).
Dana, H. E. & Mantey, Julius R. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Canada, Ltd., 1927, copyright renewed by Tommie P. Dana & Julius R. Mantey, 1955.
Davis, William Hersey, Beginner’s Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York • London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1923. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 1999.
Driver, Samuel Rolles, A Treatise on the Use of the Tenses in Hebrew and Some Other Syntactical Questions. First published 1874 by Oxford University Press, London. This edition with an introductory essay by W. Randall Garr published jointly by Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, MI & Cambridge, UK, and by Dove Booksellers, Livonia, MI, 1998.
Gesenius, Wilhelm, edited and enlarged by Kautzsch, Emil, second English edition by Cowley, Arthur Ernest, Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar. Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1910, 1970.
Goodwin, William Watson & Gulick, Charles Burton, Greek Grammar. Boston • New York • Chicago • London • Atlanta • Dallas • Columbus • San Francisco: Ginn and Company, 1930.
Kelley, Page H. Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1992.
Lambdin, Thomas O. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971.
MacDonald, William Graham, Greek Enchiridion: A Concise Handbook of Grammar for Translation and Exegesis. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1986, 2005.
Machen, J. Gresham, New Testament Greek for Beginners. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Canada, Ltd., 1923, copyright renewed by Arthur W. Machen, 1951.
Mounce, William D. Basics of Biblical Greek. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1993.
Perschbacher, Wesley J. New Testament Greek Syntax: An Illustrated Manual. Chicago: Moody Press, 1995.
Robertson, Archibald Thomas, A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1914, 1915, 1923, 1934.
Seow, C. L. (Choon Leong), A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1987, 1992 (7th printing).
Summers, Ray, Essentials of New Testament Greek. Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1950 (8th printing).
Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996.
Waltke, Bruce K. & O’Connor, Michael, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1990, 2004.
Wenham, J. W. The Elements of New Testament Greek. Cambridge • London • New York: Cambridge at the University Press, 1965, 1967.
Yates, Kyle M. Revised edition by John Joseph Owens, The Essentials of Biblical Hebrew. New York, Hagerstown, San Francisco, London: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1938, 1954.